Leeann Lane is a lecturer in the School of History and Geography, Dublin City University. She is author of Rosamond Jacob: Third Person Singular (UCD Press 2010). She is a member of the Expert Advisory Group on Centenaries appointed by the government in 2012.
Dorothy Macardle - literary teacher, propagandist journalist, political playwright, gothic fiction novelist - is a multi-faceted woman who has remained too often below the radar of historical recognition. In Dorothy Macardle Leeann Lane intends to change this.She is most remembered as the author of The Irish Republic (1937): a full-scale history of the revolutionary period from an anti-Treaty perspective commissioned by de Valera. A bestseller, it became the definitive book of the period fixing Macardle's reputation for too long as merely de Valera's mouthpiece. Yet, as Leann Lane puts forth, Macardle was much more than its author. An intellectually strong, politically persuasive and stoically independent woman: Macardle was beholden to no one.From Sinn Fein propagandist to the gradualist republicanism of Fianna Fail to ardent feminist and gothic novelist, Macardle's personal and political evolution is mapped out for us by Lane in the pages of this book. Exploring her Jail Journal as first-hand source material, the early evolution of Macardle's political thought and action is revealed to us. The wealth of new archival material in the Bureau of Military History Witness Statements and the Military Service Pension Collection is deeply examined, presenting a who's who of Irish republican history as we learn about the many people and events that influenced Macardle's life.Central to the story is an analysis of the commitment of Macardle to female activist politics as she moves further from de Valera's reach, often expressed in subterranean or subversive ways. Macardle's opposition to the position of women in the 1936 Conditions of Employment Act and, most particularly, in the 1937 Constitution was not overt on political platforms but Lane reveals to us that a deep criticism is contained within the pages of her gothic novels published in the 1940s. Insightful readings of her later writing, including her most influential novels The Uninvited (1942) and The Unforeseen (1946), showcases Macardle as a short story writer, playwright and gothic novelist of republican and feminist intent.This is a rich biographical journey through Dorothy Macardle's writing as propagandist, social commentator, republican and feminist. It affirms Macardle's place as one of the foremost activist polemicists as the new Irish State unchained itself from its colonial past and asserted an independent political and cultural identity to be reckoned with.
AcknowledgementsList of IllustrationsIntroduction1Towards Revolutionary Politics
- 1889-19222Civil War Imprisonment3Post-Jail Propaganda4Literature and Cultural Protest5Parliamentary Politics and the Establishment of Fianna Fail6The Politics of War
- Irish and European Perspectives7Critiquing Gender Roles8ConclusionNotesBibliographyIndex
'Leeann Lane’s study brings together personal writings, archival material, political propaganda and literary publications to reconstruct the fascinating life of an individual whose involvement in cultural and political life is undoubtedly deserving of attention.'
Irish Historical Studies, Nov 2020
'Dr. Lane’s close reading of Macardle’s reportage, plays, fiction, poetry and what is known of her life produces a rounded examination of the development of her political and social intellect set in the context of the revolution and the lean years that followed, and is a welcome addition to the growing historiography on female activists and feminist politics in the early years of the state.'
Irish Literary Supplement, Spring 2021. Full review here.
'Leeann Lane deserves great credit for the originality and insightfulness of this biography; she has done justice to a complex and interesting career with a balanced analysis of Macardle’s words and deeds and has a confident grasp not just of the thundering political feuds that bordered her life, but also the subtleties and nuances of Macardle’s private thoughts.'
Diarmaid Ferriter, Irish Times, Dec 2019
'Dorothy Macardle was much more than de Valera's mouthpiece: she was a politically persuasive and stoically independent woman'
Leeann Lane in the Irish Independent, November 2019. Read the full piece here.